β -Delayed One and Two Neutron Emission Probabilities Southeast of Sn 132 and the Odd-Even Systematics in r -Process Nuclide Abundances

V. H. Phong, S. Nishimura, G. Lorusso, T. Davinson, A. Estrade, O. Hall, T. Kawano, J. Liu, F. Montes, N. Nishimura, R. Grzywacz, K. P. Rykaczewski, J. Agramunt, D. S. Ahn, A. Algora, J. M. Allmond, H. Baba, S. Bae, N. T. Brewer, C. G. BrunoR. Caballero-Folch, F. Calviño, P. J. Coleman-Smith, G. Cortes, I. Dillmann, C. Domingo-Pardo, A. Fijalkowska, N. Fukuda, S. Go, C. J. Griffin, J. Ha, L. J. Harkness-Brennan, T. Isobe, D. Kahl, L. H. Khiem, G. G. Kiss, A. Korgul, S. Kubono, M. Labiche, I. Lazarus, J. Liang, Z. Liu, K. Matsui, K. Miernik, B. Moon, A. I. Morales, P. Morrall, N. Nepal, R. D. Page, M. Piersa-Siłkowska, V. F.E. Pucknell, B. C. Rasco, B. Rubio, H. Sakurai, Y. Shimizu, D. W. Stracener, T. Sumikama, H. Suzuki, J. L. Tain, H. Takeda, A. Tarifeño-Saldivia, A. Tolosa-Delgado, M. Wolińska-Cichocka, P. J. Woods, R. Yokoyama

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Abstract

The β-delayed one- and two-neutron emission probabilities (P1n and P2n) of 20 neutron-rich nuclei with N≥82 have been measured at the RIBF facility of the RIKEN Nishina Center. P1n of Ag130,131, Cd133,134, In135,136, and Sn138,139 were determined for the first time, and stringent upper limits were placed on P2n for nearly all cases. β-delayed two-neutron emission (β2n) was unambiguously identified in Cd133 and In135,136, and their P2n were measured. Weak β2n was also detected from Sn137,138. Our results highlight the effect of the N=82 and Z=50 shell closures on β-delayed neutron emission probability and provide stringent benchmarks for newly developed macroscopic-microscopic and self-consistent global models with the inclusion of a statistical treatment of neutron and γ emission. The impact of our measurements on r-process nucleosynthesis was studied in a neutron star merger scenario. Our P1n and P2n have a direct impact on the odd-even staggering of the final abundance, improving the agreement between calculated and observed Solar System abundances. The odd isotope fraction of Ba in r-process-enhanced (r-II) stars is also better reproduced using our new data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172701
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume129
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 2022

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