A data-based approach to identifying regional typologies and exemplars across the urban–rural gradient in Europe using affinity propagation

Maurizio Fiaschetti, Marcello Graziano, Benjamin W. Heumann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We apply recent developments in data-mining and statistics, using affinity propagation (AP) to identify regional typologies in the European Union (EU) and characterize major factors between rural–rural and rural–urban regional differences, without predetermined thresholds. We identify a representative ‘exemplar’ within each cluster using the drivers of Copus enriched with climate and land-cover/land-use variables to provide geographical context and pinpoint differences driven by natural and human–natural landscapes. Building upon the works of Dijkstra and the Eudora Project, we expand the dimensions of regional differences, introducing a threshold-less, data-driven model able to identify exemplars, and the main characteristics of each cluster or regional typology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1939-1954
Number of pages16
JournalRegional Studies
Volume55
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • European Union
  • affinity propagation
  • rural
  • urban

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