A Long-Run Case Study of College Football Attendance

Paul Anthony Natke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Regular season game-day data for a single college football team over 33 years are used to estimate attendance and attendance as a percent of stadium capacity. Two estimation methods with stationary variables are employed: ordinary least squares and two-stage least squares with instrumental variables. Results are consistent across estimation methods. Short-term team performance for home and visiting teams and the temperature all increase attendance measures. Some game-specific characteristics are also significant: conference games, televised games and non-Football Bowl Subdivision opponents reduce attendance while rivalry and homecoming games increase it. Economic variables, with the exception of travel cost, are insignificant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
JournalInternational Journal of Economics and Business
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2017


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