A meta-analysis of ibuprofen versus indomethacin for closure of patent ductus arteriosus

Ronald L. Thomas, Graham C. Parker, Bart Van Overmeire, Jacob V. Aranda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ibuprofen (IBU) has previously been shown to be as effective as indomethacin (INDO) in closing the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) of preterm infants, without severely affecting renal hemodynamics or basal cerebral blood flow. We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized trials to compare the efficacy and safety of IBU and INDO for treatment of PDA. Data from the nine relevant trials ( n =566), showed no significant difference in the efficacy of IBU and INDO in PDA closure ( P =0.70). However, five trials ( n =443) provided serum creatinine concentration data that revealed a significantly lower increase favoring IBU ( P < 0.001), and urine output data that showed a significantly lower decrease favoring IBU ( P < 0.001). In two trials ( n =188) the proportion of infants who required postnatal oxygen therapy at 28 days (defined as chronic lung disease) was significantly higher with IBU (52/94; 55.3%) than with INDO (38/94; 40.4%, P < 0.05). No statistically significant differences were found in mortality, intraventricular hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, surgical ligation, sepsis, retinopathy of prematurity, periventricular leukomalacia, length of hospital stay, gastrointestinal bleeding, re-opening of PDA, back-up treatment, surfactant therapy, or days on a ventilator. Conclusion: ibuprofen and indomethacin have similar efficacy in patent ductus arteriosus closure, but preterm infants treated with ibuprofen experience lower serum creatinine values, higher urine output, and less undesirable decreased organ blood flow and vasoconstrictive adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-140
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Volume164
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Keywords

  • Ibuprofen
  • Indomethacin
  • Meta-analysis
  • Patent ductus arteriosus

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