Accelerating the discovery of battery electrode materials through data mining and deep learning models

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The availability of crystalline materials databases allows for building accurate machine learning (ML) models that can accelerate the exploration of materials chemical space for energy storage applications. In this work, we screen all inorganic materials included in the Materials Project and AFLOW databases as potential metal-ion battery electrodes. We develop an efficient protocol to mine and screen raw data in current databases and provide a new database of electrode materials by considering pairs of charged and discharged electrodes. This effort leads to a new database with over 190,000 instances, in contrast to the original battery database which contains about 5000. The expanded battery data set is then used to build regression-based deep neural network models for predicting average voltages and percentage volume changes upon charging and discharging, which present improvements of at least 28% for target properties with respect to previous models, and are now able to predict anode electrodes (low voltage region) as well as electrodes that will not work in electrochemical cells (negative voltages), overcoming the challenges identified in previous ML models for battery electrodes. Additionally, a further screening of the expanded database itself allowed us to identify 35 novel electrode candidates with excellent battery performance metrics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number231977
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume546
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 30 2022

Keywords

  • Battery electrode
  • Data mining
  • Machine learning
  • Materials database

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