Advances in HIV Prevention and Treatment: A Literature Review

Daudet Ilunga Tashiswaka, Joseph Ntein Inungu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The last decade has witnessed several advances in the management of HIV/AIDS with the development of potent and safe antiretroviral drugs and new HIV prevention technologies. Objective: This review summarizes the recent advances in the management of the HIV infection. Methods: Medline via PubMed and Google search engine were searched for articles dealing with antiretroviral therapy and new prevention technologies. Results: The understanding of the lifecycle of the HIV was a turning point that provided researchers with the knowledge and tools needed to prosecute drug discovery efforts focused on targeted inhibition with specific pharmacological agents. New prevention technologies continue to expand the current toolbox, transforming HIV/AIDS from an inevitable lethal disease into a manageable condition. The integration of behavioral, biomedical and structural interventions will likely reduce the incidence of HIV while promising new leads for an effective HIV vaccine keep the hope of a world free of HIV alive. Conclusion: Although the fight against HIV has been long and arduous, many signs seem to suggest that ending HIV epidemic is not only possible; it is well in our reach.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Research on HIV/AIDS
Issue number03
StatePublished - May 2 2017


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