Advances in prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission: The international perspectives

Chokechai Rongkavilit, Basim I. Asmar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have sufficient knowledge and unprecedented access to global resources to dramatically reduce the transmission of HIV-1 from mother to children worldwide. Most transmission occurs during delivery and after birth through breastfeeding. For this reason, efforts to interrupt transmission have focused on peripartum period and safe infant feeding. This includes the use of antiretroviral therapy, elective cesarean section, avoidance of breastfeeding, and exclusive breastfeeding. This review summarizes recent studies and new international development on the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission. Prevention of motherto- child transmission of HIV should now be integrated as part of basic maternal and child health services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-204
Number of pages13
JournalIndian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • Children
  • HIV. Perinatal transmission
  • Prevention

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