Aggregated occurrence records of invasive European frog-bit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L.) across North America

Sara E. Hansen, Blake C. Cahill, Rachel A. Hackett, Michael J. Monfils, Ryan T. Goebel, Shannon Asencio, Anna Monfils

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background European frog-bit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L.; EFB) is a free-floating aquatic plant invasive in Canada, the United States and India. It is native to Europe and northern and western Asia and is believed to have first been introduced to North America in Ottawa, Ontario in 1932. It has since spread by way of the St. Lawrence River and connected waterways to southern Ontario and Quebec and parts of the northern United States. Invasive European frog-bit occurs in freshwater coastal wetlands and inland waters, where it can form dense mats that have the potential to limit recreational and commercial use of waterways, alter water chemistry and impact native species and ecosystems. Data on the past and present distribution of this invasive species provide geospatial information that can be used to infer the pattern of invasion and inform management and monitoring targeted at preventing secondary spread. Our EFB dataset contains 12,037 preserved specimen and observation-based occurrence records, including 9,994 presence records spanning two Canadian provinces and ten U.S. states and 2,043 absence records spanning five U.S. states. The aggregated EFB dataset provides a curated resource that has been used to guide a Michigan management strategy and provide information for ongoing efforts to develop invasion risk assessments, species distribution models and decision-support tools for conservation and management. New information Specimen-based and observation-based occurrence data were accessed through nine digital data repositories or aggregators and three primary sources. Twenty-six percent of the data are new records not previously published to a data repository or aggregator prior to this study. We removed duplicate data and excluded records with incorrect species identifications. Occurrence records without coordinates were georeferenced from recorded locality descriptions. Data were standardised according to Darwin Core. This aggregated dataset is the most complete account of EFB occurrence records in its North American invasive range.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere77492
JournalBiodiversity Data Journal
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • European frog-bit
  • Laurentian Great Lakes
  • aquatic ecosystems
  • invasive plants
  • occurrence records
  • specimen data
  • wetlands

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