Ambulatory cardiac bio-signals: From mirage to clinical reality through a decade of progress

Thamizhisai Periyaswamy, Mahendran Balasubramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Health monitoring is shifting towards continuous, ambulatory and clinically comparable wearable devices. Telemedicine and remote diagnosis could harness the capability of mobile cardiac health information, as the technology on bio-physical signal monitoring has improved significantly. Objectives: The purpose of this review article is (1) to systematically assess the viability of ambulatory electrocardiography (ECG), (2) to provide a systems level understanding of a broad spectrum of wearable heart signal monitoring approaches and (3) to identify areas of improvement in the existing technology needed to attain clinical grade diagnosis. Results: Based on the included literature, we have identified (1) that the developments in ECG monitoring through wearable devices are reaching feasibility, and are capable of delivering diagnostic and prognostic information, (2) that reliable sensing is the major bottleneck in the entire process of ambulatory monitoring, (3) that there is a strong need for artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques to parse and infer the biosignals and (4) that aspects of wearer comfort has largely been ignored in the prevailing developments, which can become a key factor for consumer acceptance. Conclusions: Cardiac health information is crucial for diagnosis and prevention of several disease onsets. Mobile and continuous monitoring can aid avoiding risks involved with acute symptoms. The health information obtained through continuous monitoring can serve as the BigData of heart signals, and can facilitate new treatment methods and devise effective health policies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103928
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Informatics
StatePublished - Oct 2019


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