An autism-associated mutation in GluN2B prevents NMDA receptor trafficking and interferes with dendrite growth

Michael P. Sceniak, Karlie N. Fedder, Qian Wang, Sammy Droubi, Katie Babcock, Sagar Patwardhan, Jazmin Wright-Zornes, Lucynda Pham, Shasta L. Sabo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental disorders with multiple genetic associations. Analysis of de novo mutations identified GRIN2B, which encodes the GluN2B subunit of NMDA receptors, as a gene linked to ASDs with high probability. However, the mechanisms by which GRIN2B mutations contribute to ASD pathophysiology are not understood. Here, we investigated the cellular phenotypes induced by a human mutation that is predicted to truncate GluN2B within the extracellular loop. This mutation abolished NMDA-dependent Ca2+ influx. Mutant GluN2B co-assembled with GluN1 but was not trafficked to the cell surface or dendrites. When mutant GluN2B was expressed in developing cortical neurons, dendrites appeared underdeveloped, with shorter and fewer branches, while spine density was unaffected. Mutant dendritic arbors were often dysmorphic, displaying abnormal filopodial-like structures. Interestingly, dendrite maldevelopment appeared when mutant GluN2B was expressed on a wild-type background, reflecting the disease given that individuals are heterozygous for GRIN2B mutations. Restoring the fourth transmembrane domain and cytoplasmic tail did not rescue the phenotypes. Finally, abnormal development was not accompanied by reduced mTOR signaling. These data suggest that mutations in GluN2B contribute to ASD pathogenesis by disrupting dendrite development.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberjcs232892
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume132
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Dendrite development
  • Dendrite morphology
  • Fluorescence imaging
  • GluN2B
  • NMDA receptors

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