Analytical formulation of the performance of the allam power cycle

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thermal power plants operating on fossil fuels emit a considerable amount of polluting gases including carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides. Several technologies have been developed or under development to avoid the emissions of, mainly, CO2 that are formed as a result of air-fuel combustion. While post-combustion capture methods are viable solutions for reduction of CO2 in the existing power plants, implementation of the concept of oxyfuel combustion in future power cycles appears to be a promising technique for clean power generation from fossil fuels. A novel power cycle that employs oxyfuel combustion method has been developed by NET Power. Known as the Allam cycle, it includes a turbine, an air separation unit (ASU), a combustor, a recuperator, a water separator, CO2 compression with intercooling and CO2 pump. Over 90% of the supercritical CO2 flow is recycled back to the cycle as the working fluid, and the rest is extracted for further processing and storage. The present paper introduces a simplified thermodynamic analysis of the Allam power cycle. Analytical expressions are derived for the net power output, optimum turbine inlet temperature (TIT), and the molar flowrate of the recycled CO2 flow. The study aims to provide a theoretical framework to help understand the functional relationships between the various operating parameters of the cycle. The optimum TIT predicted by the presented expression is 1473 K which is fairly close to that reported by the cycle developers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEducation; Electric Power
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791884157
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
EventASME Turbo Expo 2020: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Sep 21 2020Sep 25 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume6

Conference

ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2020: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period09/21/2009/25/20

Keywords

  • Allam power cycle
  • Optimization
  • Thermodynamic modeling
  • Turbine inlet temperature

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