This study evaluated changes in neoaortic root geometry in patients who underwent the Ross procedure. Serial postoperative echocardiographic measurements of the neoaortic root indexed to the square root of body surface area (centimeters divided by meters) were obtained from 30 patients (age range 3.1 to 31.4 years) and compared with paired preoperative and immediate postoperative values. Normal aortic root diameter Z scores were derived from root dimensions obtained from 217 healthy controls. Compared with preoperative values, an immediate stretch of the neoaortic versus pulmonary root (annulus and sinuses of valsalva) was observed at a mean follow-up period of 1 week. Additional aortic annular dilation from baseline prehospital discharge values was observed at 2 to 12 months (baseline vs follow-up annulus Z score: 1.4 vs 2.6, p <0.01, n = 16) and at 16 to 33 months follow-up (0.8 vs 2.0, p <0.05, n = 12). In a similar fashion, there was additional enlargement of the aortic sinus from its stretched state at hospital discharge at 2 to 12 months (baseline vs follow-up sinus Z score: 2.0 vs 3.3, p <0.01, n = 17) and at 16 to 33 months (1.7 vs 3.0, p <0.01, n = 13). There were no differences in root size between 2 to 12 and 16 to 33 months after surgery. There was a decrease in left ventricular size with no alteration in blood pressure or degree of aortic valve regurgitation. Thus, aortic root dilation occurs up to the first year after the Ross procedure but does not appear to progress beyond this time.