Associated Injuries in Skeletally Immature Children with Pelvic Fractures

M. Kareem Shaath, Kenneth L. Koury, Peter D. Gibson, Mark R. Adams, Michael S. Sirkin, Mark C. Reilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background Pediatric pelvic fractures are rare injuries resulting from high-energy mechanisms that warrant an extensive work-up for associated injuries. Objectives We performed a retrospective study to review concomitant injuries in children who suffered a pelvic fracture and have an open triradiate cartilage. Methods Using a database, pediatric pelvic fractures presenting to the authors' institution were extracted. Radiographs and computed tomography scans were reviewed, ensuring that triradiate cartilages were not fused and the pelvic injuries were classified using the Modified Torode Classification. Epidemiologic data extracted included Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS). Results Sixty patients met the inclusion criteria, and their average age was 8.3 years (range 2–14 years). There were no mortalities. The most common mechanism of injury was a vehicle striking a pedestrian. There were no significant correlations between GCS, ISS, and AIS. All 60 children (100%) suffered extremity injuries. Nineteen patients required surgical orthopedic intervention, and 6 required operative stabilization of the pelvis. Patients who were struck by a motor vehicle were more likely to have multiple pelvic fractures (p < 0.05). Patients with multiple pelvic fractures were more likely to require orthopaedic surgical intervention and require a blood transfusion (p < 0.05). Patients who had type III-B or IV fractures were more likely to require a transfusion than patients with III-A fracture (p < 0.05). Conclusions Patients sustaining fractures to an immature pelvis are likely to have additional injuries, which may be fatal or disabling if not diagnosed in a timely manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-251
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • injury burden
  • multitrauma
  • orthopedics
  • pediatric pelvic fractures
  • pediatrics


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