Attachment, bonding, and parental stress in CHARGE syndrome

Nicole M. Reda, Timothy S. Hartshorne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Parents of 25 children with CHARGE syndrome, ages 12 to 50 months, completed measures of child attachment, parental bonding, and family stress. Twelve children were classified as securely and 13 as insecurely attached. The time it took to appear attached and parents to feel bonded were related, as were length of time to appear attached and strength of parental bonding. Visual impairment was related to an insecure attachment as well as parenting stress. Twelve parents had scores indicating significant stress. Parenting stress was related to problems with bonding, and having a challenging child was related to insecure attachment. Being able to hold the child and a shorter stay in the hospital after birth were related to more secure attachment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-21
Number of pages12
JournalMental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2008


  • Attachment
  • CHARGE syndrome
  • Intellectual disability
  • Mental retardation
  • Parenting
  • Psychiatric
  • Stress


Dive into the research topics of 'Attachment, bonding, and parental stress in CHARGE syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this