Biodegradable Mg/HA/TiO 2 nanocomposites coated with MgO and Si/MgO for orthopedic applications: A study on the corrosion, surface characterization, and biocompatability

Shahrouz Zamani Khalajabadi, Aminudin Bin Haji Abu, Norhayati Ahmad, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Rozita Nasiri, Waseem Haider, Norizah Bt Hj Redzuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the field of orthopedics, magnesium (Mg) and magnesium-based composites as biodegradable materials have attracted fundamental research. However, the medical applications of magnesium implants have been restricted owing to their poor corrosion resistance, especially in the physiological environment. To improve the corrosion resistance of Mg/HA/TiO 2 nanocomposites, monolayer MgO and double-layer Si/MgO coatings were fabricated layer-by-layer on the surface of a nanocomposite using a powder metallurgy route. Then, coating thickness, surface morphology, and chemical composition were determined, and the corrosion behavior of the uncoated and coated samples was evaluated. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) micrographs show that an inner MgO layer with a porous microstructure and thickness of around 34 μm is generated on the Mg/HA/TiO 2 nanocomposite substrate, and that the outer Si layer thickness is obtained at around 23 μm for the double-layered coated sample. Electrochemical corrosion tests and immersion corrosion tests were carried out on the uncoated and coated samples and the Si/MgO-coated nanocomposite showed significantly improved corrosion resistance compared with uncoated Mg/HA/TiO 2 in simulated body fluid (SBF). Corrosion products comprising Mg(OH)2, HA, Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 , and amorphous CaP components were precipitated on the immersed samples. Improved cytocompatibility was observed with coating as the cell viability ranged from 73% in uncoated to 88% for Si/MgO-coated Mg/HA/TiO 2 nanocomposite after nine days of incubation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154
JournalCoatings
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Biodegradation behavior
  • Corrosion products
  • Cytocompatibility
  • Mg/HA/TiO nanocomposite
  • Si/MgO

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