Biomarkers for Estimating Risk of Hospital Mortality and Long-Term Quality-of-Life Morbidity after Surviving Pediatric Septic Shock: A Secondary Analysis of the Life after Pediatric Sepsis Evaluation Investigation∗

Hector R. Wong, Ron W. Reeder, Russell Banks, Robert A. Berg, Kathleen L. Meert, Mark W. Hall, Patrick S. McQuillen, Peter M. Mourani, Ranjit S. Chima, Samuel Sorenson, James W. Varni, Julie McGalliard, Jerry J. Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The Life After Pediatric Sepsis Evaluation investigation recently reported that one-Third of children who survive sepsis experience significant health-related quality-of-life impairment compared with baseline at 1 year after hospitalization. Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model is a multibiomarker tool for estimating baseline risk of mortality among children with septic shock. We determined if the Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model biomarkers have predictive capacity for estimating the risk of hospital mortality and long-Term health-related quality-of-life morbidity among children with community-Acquired septic shock. Design: Secondary analysis. Setting: Twelve academic PICUs. Patients: A subset of Life After Pediatric Sepsis Evaluation subjects (n = 173) with available blood samples. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Three predefined outcomes from the Life After Pediatric Sepsis Evaluation investigation were evaluated: All-cause hospital mortality (n = 173), and the composite outcome of mortality or persistent, serious deterioration of health-related quality of life (> 25% below baseline) among surviving children at 1 month (n = 125) or 3 months (n = 117). Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.73 (95% CI, 0.59-0.87; p = 0.002) for estimating the risk of hospital mortality and was independently associated with increased odds of hospital mortality. In multivariable analyses, Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model was not independently associated with increased odds of the composite outcome of mortality or deterioration of persistent, serious deterioration health-related quality of life greater than 25% below baseline. A new decision tree using the Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model biomarkers had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.87 (95% CI, 0.80-0.95) for estimating the risk of persistent, serious deterioration health-related quality of life at 3 months among children who survived septic shock. Conclusions: Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model had modest performance for estimating hospital mortality in an external cohort of children with community-Acquired septic shock. The Pediatric Sepsis Biomarker Risk Model biomarkers appear to have utility for estimating the risk of persistent, serious deterioration of health-related quality of life up to 3 months after surviving septic shock. These findings suggest an opportunity to develop a clinical tool for early assignment of risk for long-Term health-related quality-of-life morbidity among children who survive septic shock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • enrichment
  • epsis
  • morbidity
  • outcome

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