Biomass and Pigments of Benthic Algae

Alan D. Steinman, Gary A. Lamberti, Peter R. Leavitt, Donald G. Uzarski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Biomass is one of the most fundamental measurements made in ecology. In stream ecology, biomass is frequently used to estimate the abundance of benthic primary producers, both autotrophic and heterotrophic. In this chapter, we (1) provide a context for the study of benthic algal biomass; (2) discuss in detail some of the more commonly used approaches to measure benthic algal biomass; and (3) describe a field exercise to examine the influence of irradiance on algal biomass, whereby these approaches can be employed and compared with each other to assess their individual performance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEcosystem Structure
Subtitle of host publicationThird Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9780124165588
StatePublished - Feb 20 2017


  • Ash-free dry mass
  • Autotrophic index
  • Biomass
  • Chlorophyll
  • Fluorometry
  • HPLC
  • Spectrophotometry


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