Budgeting processes: The state of the art in the United States

Lawrence Sych

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article reviews present budgetary practices, processes, and related issues in the United States. Developments since 1990 are assessed using budgetary functions of control, management, and planning as benchmarks. While several reforms advancing these functions appear promising, movement toward clarity in budgetary theory has not kept pace. The article outlines tasks for both practitioners and scholars and recognizes calls for more comparative case studies. It concludes with suggestions for future work for practitioners and scholars individually and in combination as "pracademics" to expand theoretical and applied understanding of public budgeting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Public Administration
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Budget theory
  • Public budgeting
  • Reform
  • United States


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