Building a Terminal: Mechanisms of Presynaptic Development in the CNS

Luke A.D. Bury, Shasta L. Sabo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

To create a presynaptic terminal, molecular signaling events must be orchestrated across a number of subcellular compartments. In the soma, presynaptic proteins need to be synthesized, packaged together, and attached to microtubule motors for shipment through the axon. Within the axon, transport of presynaptic packages is regulated to ensure that developing synapses receive an adequate supply of components. At individual axonal sites, extracellular interactions must be translated into intracellular signals that can incorporate mobile transport vesicles into the nascent presynaptic terminal. Even once the initial recruitment process is complete, the components and subsequent functionality of presynaptic terminals need to constantly be remodeled. Perhaps most remarkably, all of these processes need to be coordinated in space and time. In this review, we discuss how these dynamic cellular processes occur in neurons of the central nervous system in order to generate presynaptic terminals in the brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-391
Number of pages20
JournalNeuroscientist
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • axonal transport
  • presynaptic
  • synapse formation
  • synaptogenesis
  • trans-synaptic adhesion

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Building a Terminal: Mechanisms of Presynaptic Development in the CNS'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this