Calmodulin-Dependent Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterase Activity is Altered by 20 μT Magnetostatic Fields

A. R. Liboff, S. Cherng, K. A. Jenrow, A. Bull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Absorbance measurements at 660 nm of calmodulin (CaM) dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase activity under cell free conditions indicate that 30-min exposures to weak magnetostatic field intensities alters this activity, compared to zero magnetic field exposures. This effect depends nonlinearly on the concentration of free calcium, with maximum magnetic interaction apparently occurring at an optimal Ca2+ concentration corresponding to 50% activation (EC50). If one regards Ca2+/CaM activation as a switching process, then increasing the magnetic field at Ca2+ levels in excess of optimal acts to bias this switch towards lower calcium concentrations. A magnetic dependence has been previously reported by others in an homologous system, CaM dependent myosin light chain phosphorylation, implying that there may be an underlying magnetic interaction that involves the initial Ca2+/CaM binding process common to both enzymatic pathways. The level of magnetostatic intensity at which this effect is observed (∼20 μT) implies that CaM activation may be functionally sensitive to the geomagnetic field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-38
Number of pages7
JournalBioelectromagnetics
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

Keywords

  • Ca switch biasing
  • Calmodulin
  • Geomagnetic field
  • Magnetostatic fields
  • Phosphodiesterase activation

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