Carbonate Assignment and Calibration in the Raman Spectrum of Apatite

Michael D. Morris, Mary M Tecklenburg, Ayorinde Awonusi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

317 Scopus citations


A series of apatites with varying carbonate levels was prepared in order to assign the carbonate bands and calibrate for Raman analysis of natural materials. Overlap of carbonate bands with phosphate peaks was resolved by curve fitting. A peak at 1,071 cm-1 was assigned to a combination of the carbonate ν1 mode at 1,070 cm-1 with a phosphate ν3 mode at 1,076 cm-1. In addition, the carbonate ν4 mode was identified in apatite samples with >4% carbonate. The carbonate ν4 bands at 715 and 689 cm-1 identify the samples as B-type carbonated apatite. The carbonate content of apatite was calibrated to a carbonate Raman band, and the method was used to determine the carbonate content of a sample of bovine cortical bone, 7.7 ± 0.4%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-52
JournalCalcified Tissue International
StatePublished - 2007


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