Over the last decade, second and third generation cephalosporins have been the most common drugs causing hemolytic anemia (HA). Of these cases, 20% have been attributed to ceftriaxone. The clinical presentation of ceftriaxone-induced HA is usually abrupt with sudden onset of pallor, tachypnea, cardio-respiratory arrest and shock. Acute renal failure (ARF) has been reported in 41% of such cases with a high fatality rate. We report a pediatric patient with ARF complicating ceftriaxone-induced HA who survived. Ceftriaxone is a commonly used drug, and early recognition of HA and institution of supportive care, including dialysis is likely to improve the outcome.
- Acute renal failure (ARF)
- Hemolytic anemia (HA)