Certified Athletic Trainers' Perceptions of Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramps

Marcus B. Stone, Jeffrey E. Edwards, Catherine L. Stemmans, Christopher D. Ingersoll, Riann M. Palmieri, B. Andrew Krause

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Context: Despite recent evidence to suggest that exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMC) might be primarily of neuromuscular origin, the authors surmise that most information available to certified athletic trainers (ATCs) emphasizes the role of dehydration and electrolyte imbalance in EAMC. Objective: To investigate ATCs' perceptions of EAMC. Design: 7-question, Web-based, descriptive, cross-sectional survey. Subjects: 997 ATCs. Main Outcome Measures: Responses to 7 questions regarding the cause, treatment, and prevention of EAMC. Results: Responders indicated humidity, temperature, training, dehydration, and electrolyte imbalance as causative factors of EAMC. Fluid replacement and stretching the involved muscle were identified as very successful in treating and preventing EAMC. Proper nutrition and electrolyte replacement were also perceived as extremely successful prevention strategies. Conclusions: ATCs' perceptions of the cause, treatment, and prevention of EAMC are primarily centered on dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Other prominent ideas concerning EAMC should be implemented in athletic training education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-342
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sport Rehabilitation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2003


  • Cause
  • Injury
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
  • Web survey


Dive into the research topics of 'Certified Athletic Trainers' Perceptions of Exercise-Associated Muscle Cramps'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this