Children with Chronic Disease Bear the Highest Burden of Pediatric Sepsis

Andrew J. Prout, Victor B. Talisa, Joseph A. Carcillo, Florian B. Mayr, Derek C. Angus, Christopher W. Seymour, Chung Chou H. Chang, Sachin Yende

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Objective: To describe the contemporary epidemiology of pediatric sepsis in children with chronic disease, and the contribution of chronic diseases to mortality. We examined the incidence and hospital mortality of pediatric sepsis in a nationally representative sample and described the contribution of chronic diseases to hospital mortality. Study design: We analyzed the 2013 Nationwide Readmissions Database using a retrospective cohort design. We included non-neonatal patients <19 years of age hospitalized with sepsis. We examined patient characteristics, the distribution of chronic disease, and the estimated national incidence, and described hospital mortality. We used mixed effects logistic regression to explore the association between chronic diseases and hospital mortality. Results: A total of 16 387 admissions, representing 14 243 unique patients, were for sepsis. The national incidence was 0.72 cases per 1000 per year (54 060 cases annually). Most (68.6%) had a chronic disease. The in-hospital mortality was 3.7% overall—0.7% for previously healthy patients and 5.1% for patients with chronic disease. In multivariable analysis, oncologic, hematologic, metabolic, neurologic, cardiac and renal disease, and solid organ transplantation were associated with increased in-hospital mortality. Conclusions: More than 2 of 3 children admitted with sepsis have ≥1 chronic disease and these patients have a higher in-hospital mortality than previously healthy patients. The burden of sepsis in hospitalized children is greatest in pediatric patients with chronic disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-199.e1
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
StatePublished - Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes


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