Children's adjustment to the hospital: a rural/urban comparison.

M. P. Strickland, J. D. Leeper, P. Jessee, C. Hudson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This paper presents the findings of an investigation to determine whether or not there is a difference in the degree of psychological upset of rural and urban children during hospitalization. The subjects in the study were 70 children between the ages of 4 and 17 years who participated in the Child Life Program during hospitalization at Children's Hospital in Birmingham, Alabama. The anxiety levels of the children were evaluated by using three instruments: a 13-item, self-report test of fears; a 64-item observation checklist of negative behaviors; and a 4-item anxiety rating scale. The results revealed that on specific measures rural children exhibited a statistically significantly greater degree of psychological upset during hospitalization than urban children. Implications of these results in determining procedures to reduce anxiety of children during hospitalization are briefly considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-259
Number of pages9
JournalMaternal-child nursing journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1987
Externally publishedYes


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