This paper presents the findings of an investigation to determine whether or not there is a difference in the degree of psychological upset of rural and urban children during hospitalization. The subjects in the study were 70 children between the ages of 4 and 17 years who participated in the Child Life Program during hospitalization at Children's Hospital in Birmingham, Alabama. The anxiety levels of the children were evaluated by using three instruments: a 13-item, self-report test of fears; a 64-item observation checklist of negative behaviors; and a 4-item anxiety rating scale. The results revealed that on specific measures rural children exhibited a statistically significantly greater degree of psychological upset during hospitalization than urban children. Implications of these results in determining procedures to reduce anxiety of children during hospitalization are briefly considered.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Maternal-child nursing journal|
|State||Published - Sep 1987|