China national lung cancer screening guideline with low-dose computed tomography (2018 version)

Qinghua Zhou, Yaguang Fan, Ying Wang, Youlin Qiao, Guiqi Wang, Yunchao Huang, Xinyun Wang, Ning Wu, Guozheng Zhang, Xiangpeng Zheng, Hong Bu, Yin Li, Sen Wei, Liang’an Chen, Chengping Hu, Yuankai Shi, Yan Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objective Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in China. The results from a randomized controlled trial using annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) in specific high-risk groups demonstrated a 20% reduction in lung cancer mortality. The aim of tihs study is to establish the China National lung cancer screening guidelines for clinical practice. Methods The China lung cancer early detection and treatment expert group (CLCEDTEG) established the China National Lung Cancer Screening Guideline with multidisciplinary representation including 4 thoracic surgeons, 4 thoracic radiologists, 2 medical oncologists, 2 pulmonologists, 2 pathologist, and 2 epidemiologist. Members have engaged in interdisciplinary collaborations regarding lung cancer screening and clinical care of patients with at risk for lung cancer. The expert group reviewed the literature, including screening trials in the United States and Europe and China, and discussed local best clinical practices in the China. A consensus-based guidelines, China National Lung Cancer Screening Guideline (CNLCSG), was recommended by CLCEDTEG appointed by the National Health and Family Planning Commission, based on results of the National Lung Screening Trial, systematic review of evidence related to LDCT screening, and protocol of lung cancer screening program conducted in rural China. Results Annual lung cancer screening with LDCT is recommended for high risk individuals aged 50-74 years who have at least a 20 pack-year smoking history and who currently smoke or have quit within the past five years. Individualized decision making should be conducted before LDCT screening. LDCT screening also represents an opportunity to educate patients as to the health risks of smoking; thus, education should be integrated into the screening process in order to assist smoking cessation. Conclusion A lung cancer screening guideline is recommended for the high-risk population in China. Additional research, including LDCT combined with biomarkers, is needed to optimize the approach to low-dose CT screening in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalChinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Guideline
  • High risk population
  • LDCT
  • Lung neoplasms
  • Screening

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