Clinical features of 89 patients with primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the tonsil

Yan Qin, Yuan Kai Shi, Xiao Hui He, Jian Liang Yang, Sheng Yang, Yan Xia Yu, B. Li, Qi Lu Wang, Li Qiang Zhou, Yan Sun

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Head and neck lymphoma develops predominantly in the tonsil. This study was to investigate the clinical features of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of the tonsil, and to explore possible ways to improve the prognosis and quality of life of the patients after treatment. METHODS: Clinical data of 89 naive patients with NHL of the tonsil, treated from May 1990 to Jan. 2003, were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were confirmed pathologically and classified according to revised European-American Lymphoid Neoplasms and World Health Organization Classification, and staged according to the Ann Arbor classification. Stage I-II patients received radiochemotherapy-predominant treatment, whereas stage III-IV patients received chemotherapy-predominant treatment. RESULTS: Of the 89 cases, 60 (67%) were diffuse large B-cell subtype, 11 (12%) were peripheral T-cell subtype, 5 (6%) were indolent lymphoma, 1 was anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma, and 1 was T lymphoblastic lymphoma; 81 (91%) were stage I-II disease. Of the 89 patients, 58 (72%) received radiochemotherapy, 19 (21%) received radiotherapy alone, 3 received chemotherapy alone, and 1 received radiochemotherapy combined with rituximab. The 5-year overall survival rate was 80%, that of stage I-II patients was 84%. Cox regression multivariate analysis showed that the survival rate was correlated to the value of international prognostic index (IPI), and whether the patient had primary refractory or relapsed disease, but was not correlated to sex, age, pathologic subtype, B symptoms, and bulky disease. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with NHL of the tonsil are at early stages, with good prognosis. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common pathologic subtype. Primary refractory, relapse, and IPI>1 are independent prognostic factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-485
Number of pages5
JournalAi zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
Volume25
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006

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