Clothing and self-esteem of the institutionalized elderly female: Two experiments

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Thirty institutionalized elderly females participated in an investigation to assess the influence on the self-esteem of the respondents upon receiving clothing gifts (experiment A) and having a say in the clothing purchase process (experiment B). Panicucci’s (1984) framework on functional abilities assessment guided the research. A modified pretest-posttest design was used to conduct the research. Results indicated that the residents who received apparel items they had requested boosted their self-esteem significantly more than those who did not receive what they had requested. The findings supported the concept that having a say in the decision making process can enhance elderly persons’ selfesteem and thereby contribute to improving their quality of life. Several implications and possibilities for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-541
Number of pages15
JournalEducational Gerontology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1991


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