Clothing symbolism

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of the study was to apply seven propositions of symbolic interactionism by Manis and Meltzer (1978, p. 78) and four assumptions of Kaiser's (1997, 59-61) contextual framework to appearance management in everyday interaction. We are born naked but are buried or cremated with clothes on. Therefore, it is important to examine the impact of clothes and appearance in everyday interaction within the pre-mentioned frameworks. The application consisted of looking at clothing and appearance related symbols used in everyday life at both micro and macro levels. Micro-level focused on the use of symbols at the individual level, and Macro-level represented both societal and cultural level symbols. The intent was not to take assumptions and propositions for granted to understand the conceptualization because common sense is not very common. Findings revealed that people use appearance and clothing related symbols in their lives to develop and sustain their selves as members of the society that they are part of. Use of appearance and clothing related symbols in everyday interactions can be both effective and ineffective depending on the sharedness of the meanings of the artifacts and mentifacts. Several examples of appearance and clothing related symbols used by the interacting human beings at the individual, societal, and cultural levels were found. Several paradigms of symbolic interaction are presented as diagrams with explanation and clothing related examples. This work also offers an example of cross-application of information across fields.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-68
JournalInternational Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008


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