Commercial Ships as Vectors for Invasive Species: A Historical Recalibration of the Timeline for Incursions into the Great Lakes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The article reinterprets the first incursion of invasive aquatic species into the Great Lakes via shipboard ballast water, indicating that this probably occurred seven decades before current scholarship acknowledges.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNorthern Mariner
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 2020

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