Comparison of Glass Transition Measurements between Carrimed Rheometer and Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Methylacrylate-Vinylidene Chloride Copolymer

L. Rakesh, B. Howell, C. V. Rajaram

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The potential of the Carrimed CSL 500 rheometer for the thermal analysis of methylacrylate-vinylidene chloride (MA-VDC) random copolymer was evaluated by comparing the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the copolymers with the value obtained from the differential scanning calorimeter. The major relaxation phenomenon in amorphous polymers, namely the glass transition temperature, could be identified clearly using the Carrimed rheometer. Samples of various contents of methylacrylate in methylacrylate-vinylidene chloride copolymer were prepared as solvent cast films. Small amplitude oscillatory measurements showed as a function of temperature, that methylacrylate-vinylidene chloride copolymer between 12% and 70% methylacrylate (MA) content showed glass transition temperatures between 48°C and 63°C. For the methylacrylate content ranging from 4% to 70%, the saran copolymers had glass transition temperatures between 12°C and 56°C. Both techniques showed the Tg of the methylacrylate-vinylidene chloride copolymer first increased and then decreased with increasing methylacrylate content. Both methods show a peak in the Tg vs. percent methylacrylate content of the copolymer at around 50% methylacrylate content. Small angle amplitude measurements also showed that it is very sensitive to the frequency. The Tg obtained using the Carrimed CSL 500 rheometer is very reproducible and is comparable with that obtained using the standard DSC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-112
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vinyl and Additive Technology
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1996

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of Glass Transition Measurements between Carrimed Rheometer and Differential Scanning Calorimetry Using Methylacrylate-Vinylidene Chloride Copolymer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this