Computer-aided applications of nanoscale smart materials for biomedical applications

L. Rakesh, B. A. Howell, M. Chai, A. Mueller, M. Kujawski, D. Fan, S. Ravi, C. Slominski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanotechnology has the potential to impact the treatment of many diseases that currently plague society: cancer, AIDS, dementia of various kinds and so on. Nanoscale smart materials, such as carbon nanotubes, C60, dendrimers; and cyclodextrins, hold great promise for use in the development of better diagnostics, drug delivery and the altetation of biological function. Although experimentation is being used to explore the potential offered by these materials, it is by its very nature expensive in terms of time, resources and expertise. Insight with respect to the behavior of these materials in the presence of entities can be obtained much more rapidly by molecular dynamics simulation. Furthermore, the results of simulation may be used to guide experimentation so that it is much more productive than it might be in the absence of such information. The interactions of several nanoscale structures with biological macromolecules can already be probed effectively using molecular dynamics simulation. The results obtained should form the basis for significant new developments in the treatment of disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)719-739
Number of pages21
JournalNanomedicine
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Biomedical
  • Carbon nanotube
  • DNA complexation
  • Dendrimer
  • Drug release
  • Nanodevices
  • New drug technologies
  • γ-cyclodextrin

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