Contemporary feeding practices in postoperative patients with Congenital Heart Disease

Ji Yeon Kim, Ajit Sarnaik, Ahmad Farooqi, Katherine Cashen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: We aimed to assess the current nutritional practices in postoperative patients with Congenital Heart Disease. Methods: Cross-sectional electronic survey was sent to members of The Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society. Measurements and Main Results: In Total, 52 members of the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society responded to the survey consisting of 14% paediatric intensivist, 53% paediatric cardiac intensivist, and 33% nurse/nurse practitioner with a median of 10 years of experience. There was an even distribution between intensivist (55%) and dietitian or nutritionist (45%) in nutrition management. Ninety-eight percent of respondents report that they would feed patients on inotropic or vasoactive support. Only 27% of respondents reported using indirect calorimetry in calculating resting energy expenditure which is the current gold standard. Academic hospitals compared to non-academic hospital were most likely to report feeding patients within 24 hours postoperative (p = 0.014). Having a feeding protocol was associated with feeding within 24 hours postoperative (p = 0.014) and associated with >50% goal intake by 48 hours postoperative (p = 0.025). Conclusions: Substantial variation in feeding practice still exists despite the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition guidelines from 2017. Report of institutional established feeding protocol was associated with increased early feeding and reaching goal feeds by 48 hours postoperative. Very few centres reported use of indirect calorimetry in postoperative paediatric cardiac intensive care patients and many respondents lacked knowledge about applications in this population. Additional work to determine optimal feeding pathways and assessment of caloric needs in this population is needed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCardiology in the Young
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • ICUs
  • Paediatric
  • congenital heart
  • enteral nutrition
  • indirect calorimetry
  • parental nutrition


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