BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: DNA repair system plays an important role in tumor sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy. This study was to examine the correlations of polymorphisms in nucleotide excision repair system to sensitivity of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to platinum-based chemotherapy. METHODS: Treatment outcomes of 200 advanced NSCLC patients, treated with platinum-based chemotherapy, were evaluated. XPC-PAT, XPD Lys751Gln (rs1052559), and ERCC1 C8092A (rs1052559) were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-amplified fragment length polymorphism (PCR-AFLP) or PCR-restrictive fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methods in the 200 patients. Unconditional logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation of genetic polymorphisms to clinical response. RESULTS: The distributions of XPC-PAT genotypes differed significantly between response group (complete response + partial response) and un-response group (stable disease + progressive disease)(P=0.023). The XPC LL genotype carriers had higher response rate than the SS genotype carriers (OR=3.04; 95% CI=1.25-7.41, P= 0.015). The XPD Lys751Gln and ERCC1 C8092A polymorphisms were not found to be associated with platinum-based chemotherapy. However, these 3 genetic polymorphisms in nucleotide excision repair system had interaction in the drug sensitivity (P=0.021). CONCLUSION: The genetic polymorphisms of XPC-PAT, XPD Lys751Gln, and ERCC1 C8092A in nucleotide excision repair system may be associated with sensitivity of NSCLC patients to platinum-based chemotherapy.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer|
|State||Published - Dec 2005|