Forty two hemiparetic patients after cerebrovascular accidents were trained to change the position of the center of pressure according to a target on the screen with the visual feedback control. The learning was substantially impaired in comparison with the group of healthy subjects. Patients with the right-hemispheric lesions showed somewhat greater learning deficit than patients with lesions in the left hemisphere. Lesion localization also affected the process of learning. The learning was disturbed to a greater extent in patients with lesions involving not only motor but also premotor and parietal cortical areas. In patients with parieto-temporal lesions the learning reached a very low level after three initial days of training, possibly, because of the deficit of sensory integration and of body scheme in the extrapersonal space. Patients with combined lesions of the motor, premotor, and parietal areas showed the lowest results. The learning was shown to depend on the deficit of proprioception and extent of postural disturbances (asymmetry of body weight distribution and amplitude of the center of pressure oscillations) rather than on the extent of motor deficit (paresis and spasticity). However, the learning itself improved some motor disturbances.
|Number of pages||2|
|Journal||Zhurnal Vysshei Nervnoi Deyatelnosti Imeni I.P. Pavlova|
|State||Published - 2000|