Deliverables of student engagement: developing an outcome-oriented model

Sahil Malik, Deepti Dabas Hazarika, Amandeep Dhaliwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: Student engagement is a multifaceted concept that directly impacts students and their education. The purpose of this paper is to discuss student engagement conceptually by offering a framework to better understand the deliverables of engagement in the form of generic and targeted outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: The design of the study is based on a detailed literature review, to identify different types of engagement which graduates are expected to experience during their higher education studies. These types of engagement(s) are mapped with their outcomes. Findings: The findings of this study would be an analysis of relevant studies to create an outcome-oriented conceptual framework for student engagement. Practical implications: The practical implications of the study would be to provide a guide for enhancing student engagement through which both generic competencies and higher order competencies of students may be augmented. Originality/value: The available literature suggests that many students lack focus when learning on campus, especially in meeting targeted outcomes, and do not engage in the community. The current study has incorporated generic and targeted outcomes expected as a result of the different types of engagement. The study has put forward certain propositions, suggesting new dimensions of research in the domain of student engagement.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of International Education in Business
StatePublished - Sep 23 2022


  • Behavioral engagement
  • Campus engagement
  • Cognitive engagement
  • Community engagement
  • Generic student competencies


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