Directed-forgetting of faces: The role of response criterion.

P. N. Goernert, Hajime Otani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In two experiments, we examined recognition for faces following item method directed forgetting. During testing, participants reported whether the face was a new face or, if they thought it was a studied face, they identified the instruction paired with the face during study. In both experiments, the proportion of new faces falsely recognized and classified as forget faces exceeded those falsely recognized and classified as remember faces. Despite the use of different response criteria during testing, participants showed greater discrimination accuracy when identifying remember faces than when identifying forget faces. Taken together, these data patterns indicate that participants employed a strength-based criterion when responding. Specifically, participants responding to new faces were more likely to classify those faces as forget faces from study rather than as remember faces from study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1930-1938
JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Issue number64
StatePublished - 2011


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