Donor levels and impurity-atom relaxation in nitrogen- and phosphorus-doped diamond

Koblar Jackson, Mark R. Pederson, Joseph G. Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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New fabrication techniques have generated interest in the use of impurity-doped diamond as an active material in electronic devices. In this paper we study the properties of the n-type impurities nitrogen and phosphorus in diamond, using a first-principles cluster approach based on the local-density approximation. We determine impurity-donor-level positions of 0.75 and 1.09 eV, respectively, for C:N and C:P, measured relative to the bottom of the conduction band. We also study the energetics of impurity-atom relaxation along the 111 direction in the diamond lattice. While experimental observations indicate a trigonal distortion about the impurity site, we find the on-center position for both impurity atoms to be stable against simple off-center relaxation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12641-12649
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number18
StatePublished - 1990


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