Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) negatively affects health-related quality of life (HRQoL). In a previously reported randomized clinical trial (NCT01920893), addition of dupilumab to mometasone furoate in patients with CRSwNP refractory to intranasal corticosteroids (INCS) significantly improved endoscopic, radiographic, and clinical endpoints and patient-reported outcomes. The objective of this analysis was to examine the impact of dupilumab treatment on HRQoL and productivity using secondary outcome data from this trial. Methods: Following a 4-week mometasone furoate nasal spray run-in, patients were randomized to commence subcutaneous dupilumab (600 mg loading dose, then 300 mg once weekly for 15 weeks [n = 30], or matched placebo [n = 30]). Outcomes included scores on the CRS disease severity visual analog scale (VAS), 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22), 5-dimension EuroQoL (EQ-5D) general health status VAS, and 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) for HRQoL and nasal polyp-related healthcare resource use questionnaires. Results: Following 16 weeks of treatment, the proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe CRSwNP (VAS > 3-10) decreased from 86.2% to 21.4% with dupilumab and 88.0% to 84.2% with placebo. Dupilumab (vs placebo) resulted in significantly greater improvement in HRQoL, based on SNOT-22, SF-36, and EQ-5D VAS scores. The dupilumab group had a significantly lower adjusted annualized mean number of sick leave days (0.09, vs 4.18 with placebo, P =.015) and significantly greater improvement (vs placebo) in the SNOT-22 item “reduced productivity.”. Conclusions: In adults with CRSwNP refractory to treatment with INCS alone, the addition of dupilumab reduced disease severity, significantly improved HRQoL, and improved productivity.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2020|
- ENT (rhinitis
- nasal polyps…)
- quality of life