Ef-1α is associated with a cytoskeletal network surrounding protein bodies in maize endosperm cells

Amy M. Clore, Joanne M. Dannenhoffer, Brian A. Larkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

By using indirect immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy, we documented changes in the distribution of elongation factor-1α (EF-1α), actin, and microtubules during the development of maize endosperm cells. In older interphase cells actively forming starch grains and protein bodies, the protein bodies are enmeshed in EF-1α and actin and are found juxtaposed with a multidirectional array of microtubules. Actin and EF-1α appear to exist in a complex, because we observed that the two are colocalized, and treatment with cytochalasin D resulted in the redistribution of EF-1α. These data suggest that EF-1α and actin are associated in maize endosperm cells and may help to explain the basis of the correlation we found between the concentration of EF-1α and lysine content. The data also support the hypothesis that the cytoskeleton plays a role in storage protein deposition. The distributions of EF-1α, actin, and microtubules change during development. We observed that in young cella before the accumulation of starch and storage protein, EF-1α, actin, and microtubules are found mainly in the cell cortex or in association with nuclei.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2003-2014
Number of pages12
JournalPlant Cell
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

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