Moisture conditions in rice paddies play an important role in phosphorus (P) cycling and may affect P loss to nearby water bodies. This study seeks to identify factors that contribute to P-fraction transformations in flooded rice paddies on Cambosols and Anthrosols using Zhangjiagang County of the Yangtze River delta region, China, as a study area. Soil samples preserved under flooded and aerobic conditions (n = 60) were collected, and P fractions and soil properties were measured. Under flooded conditions, soluble and loosely bound P significantly decreased to half of aerobic levels, aluminum/iron-bound P increased by 66%, and organic-bound P decreased by 64%. Soil organic matter, cation exchange capacity, pH, and active iron were well correlated with soil P fractions under both moisture conditions across two soil orders despite a disparity in soil properties. Further research goals that would aid in specific fertilizer recommendations and management strategies are identified.
- Aerobic and flooded conditions
- Phosphorus transformation
- Rice paddies
- Soil properties