Effect of pre-storage gamma irradiation on red blood cells

Prashant Agarwal, V. L. Ray, N. Choudhury, R. K. Chaudhary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & objectives: The irradiation of blood components has received increased attention due to increasing categories of patients eligible to receive such blood to prevent transfusion-associated graft versus host disease. Irradiation leads to enhancement of storage lesions, which could have deleterious effects when such blood is transfused. The aim of the present study was to assess the biochemical changes during conventional preservation of irradiated and non-irradiated whole blood. Methods: Ten units of whole blood were taken from healthy donors and divided into two parts. One aliquot was subjected to gamma irradiation and then stored under conventional blood banking conditions. Sampling was done from these irradiated and non-irradiated blood bags and tests for free plasma haemoglobin, plasma potassium and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were performed. Results: A progressive increase in the mean values of plasma Hb, K+ and LDH was seen in both the groups. The increase was statistically significant. Interpretation & conclusion: Our findings indicated that the gamma irradiation of blood resulted in increased plasma haemoglobin, potassium and LDH. These biochemical changes might not have clinical significance when irradiated blood is transfused to a select group of patients. There is a need for further in vivo studies to follow up the consequences of transfusion of irradiated blood in patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-387
Number of pages3
JournalThe Indian journal of medical research
Volume122
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gamma irradiation
  • Storage lesions
  • Whole blood

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