Effectiveness of a multidisciplinary clinic in managing children with chronic kidney disease

Shina Menon, Rudolph P. Valentini, Gaurav Kapur, Sandra Layfield, Tej K. Mattoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives: Long-term outcome of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) correlates with adequacy of predialysis care. This is best provided in a multidisciplinary clinic that integrates the services of a nephrologist with other staff. There is limited data about such clinics in children. The Children's Hospital of Michigan established a Chronic Renal Insufficiency (CRI) clinic in 2002 to provide comprehensive care to children with CKD. These children receive care from a nephrologist, nurse clinician, transplant coordinator, dietician, social worker, and psychologist. The objective of the study was to compare outcome variables between patients from the CRI clinic and a general nephrology clinic. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: This was a retrospective chart review of 44 patients with CKD stages 2 to 4, who were managed in the general nephrology clinic (1996 -2001, n = 20) or the CRI clinic (2002-2007, n = 24) for 1 yr before starting renal replacement therapy (RRT). Laboratory parameters, growth, and dialysis access type at time of RRT were compared between the two cohorts. Results: At RRT, patients from the CRI clinic had better hemoglobin, lower parathyroid hormone and calcium phosphorus product than patients followed in the general nephrology clinic. More patients from the general nephrology clinic had an unplanned initiation of dialysis compared with patients from the CRI clinic (50% versus 10.5%, P < 0.05). Conclusions: This indicates that children followed in a multidisciplinary clinic have better outcome variables and are more likely to achieve K/DOQI targets at initiation of dialysis. They are better prepared for dialysis with electively planned catheter insertion or functioning arteriovenous grafts/fistulae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1170-1175
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume4
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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