This study focuses on the effectiveness of waste anaerobic dead biomass (ADB) in adsorbing heavy metals, namely Pb(II), Cr(VI), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II). The metal uptake capacity of ADB was investigated and compared with the values for various biomass types from the literature. The biomass, which was grown under laboratory conditions using a synthetic wastewater, was used throughout the study after sterilization. The maximum metal adsorptive capacities were evaluated by running isotherm tests at 25°C and initial pH of 4. It was observed that Pb(II) was adsorbed with the highest capacity. The maximum adsorptive capacity of ADB for Pb(II), Zn(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Cr(VI) was determined as 1250, 625, 357, 227 and 384 mg/g dry biomass, respectively. These values were significantly higher than the corresponding capacities reported in the literature for other types of biomass. In describing the adsorption equilibrium, both the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were examined. The experimental data for Pb(II), Zn(II), Cr(VI), and Ni(II) fitted both the Langmuir and Freundlich models with correlation coefficients of 0.80-0.99 while Cu(II) only fitted the Langmuir model with a correlation coefficient of 0.99. Therefore, different and distinct aspects of the interactions between the cell surfaces and the metal ions might have occurred for Cu(II) and the rest of the metals. The equilibrium pH values attained were all higher than the initial pH value of 4.0, and this indicated that both the type and the initial concentration of the metal influenced the equilibrium pH. Furthermore, there was a decrease in equilibrium pH with increasing initial metal concentration at varying levels.
|State||Published - 2001|