Effects of Alternative Outcome Scenarios and Structured Outcome Evaluation on Case-Based Ethics Instruction

Juandre Peacock, Lauren N. Harkrider, Zhanna Bagdasarov, Shane Connelly, James F. Johnson, Chase E. Thiel, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Michael D. Mumford, Lynn D. Devenport

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Case-based instruction has been regarded by many as a viable alternative to traditional lecture-based education and training. However, little is known about how case-based training techniques impact training effectiveness. This study examined the effects of two such techniques: (a) presentation of alternative outcome scenarios to a case, and (b) conducting a structured outcome evaluation. Consistent with the hypotheses, results indicate that presentation of alternative outcome scenarios reduced knowledge acquisition, reduced sensemaking and ethical decision-making strategy use, and reduced decision ethicality. Conducting a structured outcome evaluation had no impact on these outcomes. Results indicate that those who use case-based instruction should take care to use clear, less complex cases with only a singular outcome if they are seeking these types of outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1303
Number of pages21
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alternative outcome scenarios
  • Case-based reasoning
  • Ethical decision-making
  • Outcome evaluation
  • Teaching ethics

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