Effects of blood meal source on the reproduction of Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae)

Stephanie L. Richards, Sheri L. Anderson, Samantha A. Yost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus were fed blood meals from a live chicken (LC), chicken blood in Alsever's (AC) solution, defibrinated bovine blood (DB), or bovine blood in citrate (CB) and incubated at 28° C. The effects of different blood meal sources were evaluated with respect to rates of blood feeding and reproduction (i.e., fecundity and fertility) over two gonotrophic cycles. Mosquitoes that fed on the first blood meal were subjected to a second blood meal as follows (first blood meal/second blood meal): LC/LC, LC/DB, DB/DB, CB/CB, AC/AC. Fecundity and fertility of Cx. p. quinquefasciatus were significantly (P < 0.05) greater in mosquitoes fed LC blood; however, fecundity and fertility in different treatment groups varied by gonotrophic cycle. These results contribute to our understanding of the impact of blood meal source on feeding and reproduction in Cx. p. quinquefasciatus. The potential impacts of blood meal source on virus transmission experiments are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vector Ecology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blood feeding
  • Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus
  • Reproduction

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