Effects of depth electrode montage and single-pulse electrical stimulation sites on neuronal responses and effective connectivity

Takumi Mitsuhashi, Masaki Sonoda, Hirotaka Iwaki, Aimee F. Luat, Sandeep Sood, Eishi Asano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine the optimal depth electrode montages for the assessment of effective connectivity based on single-pulse electrical stimulation (SPES). To determine the effect of SPES locations on the extent of resulting neuronal propagations. Methods: We studied 14 epilepsy patients who underwent invasive monitoring with depth electrodes and measurement of cortico-cortical evoked potentials (CCEPs) and cortico-cortical spectral responses (CCSRs). We determined the effects of electrode montage and stimulus sites on the CCEP/CCSR amplitudes. Results: Bipolar and Laplacian montages effectively reduced the degree of SPES-related signal deflections at extra-cortical levels, including outside the brain, while maintaining those at the cortical level. SPES of structures more proximal to the deep white matter, compared to the cortical surface, elicited greater CCEPs and CCSRs. Conclusions: On depth electrode recording, bipolar and Laplacian montages are suitable for measurement of near-field CCEPs and CCSRs. SPES of the white matter axons may induce neuronal propagations to extensive regions of the cerebral cortex. Significance: This study helps to establish the practical guidelines on the diagnostic use of CCEPs/CCSRs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2781-2792
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Volume131
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Effective connectivity
  • Electrocorticography (ECoG)
  • Functional brain mapping
  • Intracranial recording
  • Pediatric epilepsy surgery
  • Stereo-electroencephalography (sEEG)
  • Video EEG monitoring

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