Introduction: In recent years, there has been increased focus on individualizing treatment for persons with hemophilia including pharmacokinetic-guided (PK) dosing. Aims: In this retrospective study clinical outcomes before and after PK-guided prophylaxis were examined. Materials and methods: Eight Haemophilia Treatment Centres from the United States participated in the study and included 132 patients classified into two cohorts: those undergoing a PK-assessment for product switch (switchers) or to optimize treatment (non-switchers). Subset analyses for the two most common products and patients with dosing per prescription label were included for annual bleeding rates (ABR), mean weekly consumption outcomes, and annualized cost of prophylaxis. Results: The most common products before and after index date were octocog alfa, rurioctocog alfa pegol, and efmoroctocog alfa. Seventy-four (56%) patients were identified as switchers and 58 (44%) patients were classified as non-switchers. The majority of patients (78.0%) experienced either a decrease in ABR post-index or maintained 0 ABR during pre- and post-index time periods, with similar proportions identified in both switchers (77.0%) and non-switchers (79.3%) populations. Non-switchers were identified as having no significant change in cost of therapy, while switchers experienced increased cost of therapy driven by higher price of extended half-life products. Within subset analyses, patients receiving rurioctocog alfa pegol and efmoroctocog alfa had mean ABR under 1 after index date. Conclusion: PK-guided prophylaxis has the potential to improve clinical outcomes without increase in cost of therapy for patients maintaining product and can aid in maintaining effective protection against bleeds in those switching product.
- Haemophilia A
- PK-guided prophylaxis