Objective: To compare the chemotherapeutic efficacies of third-generation plus platinum doublets in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Methods: A total of 1112 patients were diagnosed as advanced NSCLC at Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Cancer Hospital from January 2005 to August 2009. Their clinical efficacies and regimen compositions were retrospectively analyzed. All calculations were performed by SPSS 17.0. Results: Differences in objective response rate (ORR) existed among four third-generation agents (paclitaxel, gemcitabine, vinorelbine and docetaxel) plus platinum doublets. Their ORRs were 35.6%, 35.4%, 25.9% and 37.4% respectively (χ2=16.331, P=0.001). And vinorelbine doublets had the lowest ORR (all P<0.01). The ORRs of cisplatin and carboplatin doublets were 35.2% and 33.5% respectively. There was no difference in ORR among them (χ2=0.352, P=0.569). Sub group analysis showed that the ORRs of four third generation plus platinum doublets were 34.8%, 35.3%, 23.2% and 37.1% in non-agers. And the vinorelbine doublets performed the worst. In the patients with squamous-cell lung cancer, the ORRs of paclitaxel and gemcitabine doublets were 45.5% and 28. 4% respectively. And the paclitaxel doublets had the better performance (χ2=5.250, P=0.026). When combined with carboplatin, the ORRs of four doublets were 36.2%, 16.7%, 15.4% and 32.0% respectively. And the paclitaxel regimen was more effective than the gemcitabine and vinorelbine regimens (P=0.018 and P=0.034). The influences of subsequent therapy were nullified when the progression-free survival (PFS) was analyzed. The PFSs of these doublets were (3.67±0.19), (2.95±0.18), (3.05±0.36) and (3.40±0.37) months respectively. There was no difference among them. Pairwise comparisons showed that the mean PFS of patients on paclitaxel doublets was longer than those on gemcitabine doublets. And their PFSs were (3.67±0.19) and (2.95±0.18) months respectively (χ2=7.037, P=0.008). The PFSs of cisplatin and carboplatin doublets were (3.05±0.14) and (3.65±0.20) months respectively. The patients on carboplatin doublets had a longer PFS than that of those on cisplatin doublets (χ2=6.012, P=0.014). Conclusions: No difference exist in ORRs among different third-generation plus platinum doublets. But as the first-line treatment of advanced NSCLC, carboplatin doublets is superior to cisplatin doublets in terms of PFS.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||National Medical Journal of China|
|State||Published - Jun 12 2012|
- Antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols
- Carcinoma, non-small-cell lung
- Treatment outcome