Efficacy of a home-based training program for older adults using elastic tubing

Alan E. Mikesky, Robert Topp, Janet K. Wigglesworth, David M. Harsha, Jeffrey E. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of, and the adherence to, a 12-week home-based progressive resistance training program for older adults utilizing elastic tubing. Sixty-two adults (mean age, 71.2 years) qualified to participate in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the exercise (E) (n=31) or non-exercise (NE) group (n=31). Pre-and post-testing included isokinetic (1.05 rad · s -1) concentric/eccentric knee extension/flexion strength testing and flexibility measures of the hip, knee, and ankle. The E group trained three times per week, performing one to three sets of 10-12 repetitions for each of 12 resistance exercises. The exercises involved muscles of both the lower and upper body. Within the E group, 25 of the 31 subjects (80.6%) completed the study. Of the E subjects completing the study adherence to the three training sessions per week was 90% (range 72%-100%). Training resistances used during workouts increased significantly with the average estimated increase being 82% (P<0.001). The E group also demonstrated significant (P<0.05) increases in isokinetic eccentric knee extension (12%) and flexion (10%) strength. No other significant changes were observed between E and NE groups. These results suggest that home-based resistance training programs utilizing elastic tubing can serve as a practical and effective means of eliciting strength gains in adults over the age of 65.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-320
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1994

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Cooperative behavior
  • Exercise
  • Strength

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